Crossing Treatment Procedures
State Laws and Regulations
- 13b-268. Construction of new highway across railroad. Construction of railroad crossing at grade
(a) When a new highway is constructed across a railroad, such highway shall pass over or under the railroad as the Commissioner of Transportation directs. The company operating such railroad shall construct such crossing to the approval of the commissioner and may take land for the purposes of this section. The expense of such crossing construction shall be borne by either the town, city or borough constructing such highway, or by the company constructing the same, or by a sharing of the cost between the town, city or borough and the company, as the commissioner directs.
(b) On or after October 1, 1989, no public railroad crossing at grade shall be constructed unless authorized by special act of the General Assembly. The Commissioner of Transportation, upon the request of the joint standing committee on transportation or upon his own initiative, shall investigate and make recommendations concerning the creation of such a crossing. Such investigation shall include a public hearing on the creation of such a crossing. The commissioner shall provide reasonable notice to the town, city or borough where such crossing is to be located, any railroad utilizing the rail line and the party requesting the crossing and to the public through publication of notice in a newspaper having general circulation in the municipality where such crossing is to be located. Any proposed legislation for the creation of such a crossing shall be accompanied by a detailed report containing, but not limited to the following information: The date of the public hearing, any requirements for the protection of persons using the crossing, including but not limited to the protections established in sections 13b-342 to 13b-345a, inclusive, and a recommendation concerning the party to bear the costs of construction, installation and maintenance of such crossing.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-268
- 13b-345. Duties of commissioner re grade crossings. Traffic control devices and measures. Signs. Log, investigation and repair of malfunctioning crossing gates or signals
(a) The Commissioner of Transportation shall investigate conditions surrounding all railroad crossings with public highways at grade and determine at which of such crossings public safety reasonably requires that any person traveling upon the highway shall come to a stop or proceed with caution before passing over the tracks at such crossing. The commissioner may require the railroad company at each of such crossings so determined to erect and maintain on the highway and within the limits of its right-of-way a “stop”, “caution” or other sign of a type approved by the commissioner, and may require the company at any grade crossing to erect and maintain stop, caution, warning or other signs of a type approved by the commissioner, but where the tracks cross at grade on state highways, the commissioner shall prescribe the nature of traffic control devices and traffic control measures to be installed at such grade crossings. When traffic control measures are to be installed on state highways, they shall be furnished and installed by the Commissioner of Transportation.
(b) The commissioner shall require each railroad company operating trains at or above twenty-five miles per hour, at all of its crossings at grade with gates or signals, to erect and maintain, within the limits of its right-of-way, a sign advising the public to call the 911 emergency telecommunications number upon the malfunctioning of any grade crossing gates or signals. Such sign shall be of a type approved by the commissioner.
(c) The commissioner shall require each railroad company to maintain logs, subject to the inspection of the department, listing all reports of the malfunctioning of its grade crossing gates or signals. Each log shall contain information concerning all investigations and actions taken by the company to repair the malfunctioning gates or signals. Each company shall report to the municipality all actions taken to repair any malfunctioning gates or signals within the municipality.
(d) Each railroad company, upon receiving a report of the malfunctioning of one of its crossing gates or signals, shall immediately investigate such report and repair any malfunction. Such inspection shall not be completed from a moving train.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-345
- 13b-271. Temporary grade crossings
The Commissioner of Transportation, on the application in writing of the selectmen of any town, the mayor and common council of any city or the warden and burgesses of any borough or on the commissioner’s own motion, may make all necessary orders concerning the establishment of a temporary grade crossing over the tracks of any railway during the period of construction of a permanent grade separation structure which will carry a highway over or under such tracks, provided the state, town, city or borough making such application shall bear the cost of any necessary signs, signals, gates, flagmen or other protective devices.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-271
- 13b-275. Petition for elimination of dangerous condition at crossings. Hearing
Any public service company or companies whose tracks cross over, under or upon a state highway or any other main highway leading from one town to another, the municipality within which such crossing is located may bring a petition in writing to the Commissioner of Transportation for authority to eliminate any dangerous condition which exists at such crossing, and said commissioner shall thereupon appoint a time and place for hearing such petition or the commissioner may, on his own motion set such hearing and shall give such notice thereof to such company or companies and to any public service company having tracks, wires, poles or other fixtures located in or adjacent to such highway at or near such crossing, and to such municipality, to all adjoining land owners whose property would be affected as he judges reasonable. The petitioner shall file with such petition plans and specifications for, and an estimate of the cost of, removing such dangerous condition, including the cost of all labor, materials and engineering services and of the taking of any land or interest in land that may be necessary, together with the names and addresses of all persons or corporations whose land would be affected by the elimination of such dangerous condition.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-275
- 13b-276. Elimination of dangerous condition
The Commissioner of Transportation, if he finds that a dangerous condition exists at such crossing, except a dangerous condition arising out of improper or inadequate maintenance, shall issue such order to such municipality or to any such public service company directing the removal, change or relocation of such crossing, highway, tracks, pipes, wires, poles or other fixtures or tree or building or other structure, as may be necessary to eliminate such dangerous condition; and shall apportion the cost thereof among such public service company or companies, such municipality and the state, and shall determine the conditions and the time and manner of the payment of such apportionments, provided the portion of the cost to be paid by such public service company in the elimination of any such dangerous conditions on state maintained highways shall not exceed ten per cent. The party or parties ordered by said commissioner to perform the work necessary to remove such dangerous condition shall serve written notice, at least thirty days prior to the approximate date of the commencement of such work, upon all other parties in interest, including any public service company whose plant is involved or affected by such work, and any such public service company shall provide such means as may be necessary for the continued use of such plant in such manner as to best serve the interests and convenience of the public.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-276
- 13b-272. Relocation of grade crossing
Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes, the Commissioner of Transportation, on the application in writing of the selectmen of any town, the mayor and common council of any city or the warden and burgesses of any borough or on his own motion, may make all necessary orders regarding the relocation of an existing grade crossing where it can be shown that the crossing at the revised location will be in the interests of public safety, necessity and convenience due to improved highway alignment, gradient, sight distance or such other reason as will result in better traffic operations at the crossing, provided the state, town, city or borough making such application shall bear the cost of such relocation and the maintenance thereafter shall be borne in the same manner as prior to such relocation.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-272
State Laws, Regulations, and Penalties
No applicable statute related to this topic.
State Laws and Regulations
- 13b-347. Repealed. (2002, P.A. 02-89, § 90.)
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-347
- 13b-345a. Towns authorized to petition the department to install a mandatory stop on any municipal or state highway approaching a crossing at grade
Any town, city or borough may petition the Department of Transportation to provide a mandatory stop on any municipal or state highway approaching a crossing at grade. Upon receipt of any such petition, the department shall fix a time and place of hearing, within a reasonable time, and shall provide notice of such hearing to the public through publication of notice in a newspaper having general circulation in the town, city or borough where such crossing is located. Within sixty days of the hearing the department shall render a written decision on the petition.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-345a
- 13b-345b. Repealed. (1998, P.A. 98-182, § 21, eff. July 1, 1998.)
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-345b
Warning Devices- Train Borne
State Laws, Regulations, and Penalties
- 13b-329. Audible signals; distance from grade crossing when sounding is to commence; maximum decibel level regulations
(a) Each engine used upon a railroad shall be supplied with an audible signal of sufficient amplification for existing circumstances, which audible signal shall be so attached to such engine as to be conveniently accessible to the engineer and in good order for use. Except where a wayside horn has been installed pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, each person controlling the motions of an engine on a railroad shall commence sounding the audible signal when such engine is approaching and is within eighty rods of the place where such railroad crosses any highway at grade and shall keep such audible signal occasionally sounding until such engine has crossed such highway, provided when it appears to the Commissioner of Transportation upon the written complaint of an elected official of any town, city or borough wherein such crossing at grade is located that public safety requires the commencing of the sounding of the audible signal at a distance greater or lesser than eighty rods from such crossing at grade, the Commissioner of Transportation shall make such order in relation thereto as he deems advisable, provided in no event shall said Commissioner of Transportation order the sounding of any audible signal to commence at a distance of less than twenty-seven rods from any crossing at grade. The company in whose service such person may be shall pay all damages which may accrue to any person in consequence of any omission to comply with any provision of this subsection; and no railroad company shall knowingly employ an engineer who has been twice convicted of violating any provision of this subsection.
(b) A wayside horn may be used in lieu of a horn attached to an engine at any highway-rail grade crossing equipped with an active warning system consisting of, at a minimum, flashing lights and gates. Such wayside horn shall conform to the federal requirements for wayside horn use set forth in 49 CFR 222.59, as amended from time to time. Any entity installing a wayside horn shall comply with the federal requirements for written notice set forth in 49 CFR 222. For the purposes of this section, “wayside horn” has the same meaning as provided in 49 CFR 222.9, as amended from time to time.
(c) The Commissioner of Transportation, with the advice of the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection, may establish by regulation the maximum decibel levels which may be emitted by any audible signal attached to a train engine, provided such maximum decibel level shall not be less than eighty-seven decibels.
(d) Any railroad company operating any train engine which is equipped with an audible signal which produces noise emissions in excess of the maximum decibel levels allowed for such devices as established by said Commissioner of Transportation is in violation of this section.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-329
- 13b-334. Commissioner of Transportation may regulate signals
When the selectmen of any town, the mayor and common council of any city or the warden and burgesses of any borough bring their petition in writing to the Commissioner of Transportation, representing that the public interest requires that the blowing of the engine whistle at certain points within the limits of such town, city or borough shall be dispensed with, the commissioner shall appoint a time and place for hearing such petition and shall give reasonable notice thereof to the petitioners and the company operating such railroad. If, after such hearing, the commissioner is of the opinion that the sounding of the whistle can be safely dispensed with, he shall direct such company to omit such signal and require any other signal in lieu thereof which he judges best. The commissioner may, at any time, modify or annul any such order.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-334
- 13b-336. Lights on track motor cars
Each person, firm or corporation operating or controlling any railroad running through or within the state shall equip each of its track motor cars, used during the period from thirty minutes before sunset to thirty minutes after sunrise, with an electric headlight of such construction and with sufficient candlepower to render plainly visible, at a distance of not less than three hundred feet in advance of such track motor car, any track obstruction, landmark, warning sign or grade crossing, and shall equip such track motor car with a red rear electric light of such construction and with sufficient candlepower as to be plainly visible at a distance of three hundred feet. Any person, firm or corporation operating or controlling any railroad running through or within this state using or permitting to be used on its lines in this state a track motor car in violation of the provisions of this section shall be fined one hundred dollars for each violation.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-336
Warning Devices- Active
State Laws and Regulations
13b-343. Gates, flagmen and signals at grade crossings. Forfeiture. Notice and hearing re reactivation of railroad line
The Commissioner of Transportation, when requested in writing by the selectmen of any town, the mayor and common council of any city or the warden and burgesses of any borough to order gates, a flagman or electric signals or other signal device to be installed and maintained at any railroad crossing where a railroad crosses a public highway at grade within such town, city or borough, shall hold a hearing thereon or may, of his own motion, hold such hearing, first giving the town, city or borough wherein the crossing is located, and the company operating the railroad, reasonable notice thereof. If the commissioner upon such hearing finds that public safety requires it, the commissioner shall order such company to install and maintain, at such crossing, gates, a flagman or such electric signals or other signal device as may be approved by the commissioner, or to do any other act deemed necessary for the protection of the public. The commissioner may rescind, alter or amend any such order, whenever the commissioner deems it necessary, upon first giving the municipality wherein the crossing is located and the railroad company an opportunity to be heard thereon. If any such company fails to comply with any order of the commissioner made pursuant to this section, it shall forfeit to the state fifty dollars for each day of such failure. The commissioner shall notify state and municipal elected officials of affected towns of the reactivation of any railroad line not later than forty-five days from notification to the Department of Transportation, by the railroad, of such reactivation. The commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, shall determine if a public hearing on the safety of rail crossings is required on the reactivated railroad line, provided, if a state or municipal official requests a public hearing, the commissioner shall hold a public hearing. Any such hearing shall be scheduled not later than ninety days prior to the reactivation of such railroad line. Any comments or recommendations on railroad safety that are provided to the public hearing officer during the public hearing shall be reviewed and incorporated, as deemed appropriate by the commissioner, to address concerns raised at the hearing.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-343
- 13b-344. Signs at grade crossings. Notification of locations of railroad crossings. Local police or firemen to direct traffic at crossings with malfunctioning gates or signals
(a) Each town, city or borough shall place, inspect and maintain warning signs and pavement markings consisting of stop lines and advance warning markings on each highway approaching a crossing at grade of such highway and the tracks of any railroad within the respective limits of such town, city or borough. Such signs shall be furnished by the railroad company crossing such highway. Such signs and pavement markings shall conform with the Federal Highway Administration’s Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices and shall be placed in a manner that conforms with said manual. If in the case of any such crossing it appears that the placing of the signs prescribed by this section is impracticable or unnecessary, the Commissioner of Transportation may release such municipality from the obligation of placing and maintaining such signs on the highway near such crossing. The Department of Transportation shall annually notify in writing the appropriate town, city or borough of the location of all railroad crossings within the respective limits of such town, city or borough and the obligations of such town, city or borough under the provisions of this subsection.
(b) Each town, city or borough, upon receipt of a report of a malfunctioning grade crossing gate or signal shall dispatch local police or firemen to the crossing who shall, upon consultation with the railroad company crossing such highway, either direct traffic across the crossing or to an alternate route until such time as the railroad company crossing such highway repairs the gate or signal or assumes responsibility for directing traffic.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-344
State Laws and Regulations
- 13b-291. Private crossing to be restored
When a private crossing has been removed by a railroad company without the consent of the owner or owners, the company from whose tracks such crossing has been removed shall restore the same in good order upon the written request of the owner or owners, and, for failure so to do, such company shall forfeit five dollars per day to the person or persons owning or having a right to use such crossing, such forfeiture to begin thirty days from the date of such notice.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-291
- 13b-292. Private crossings; protection requirements
(a) For the purposes of this section, “private crossing” means any private way, private drive or any facility other than a public highway for the use of pedestrians, motor vehicles or other types of conveyances, which crosses at grade any railroad track. No private crossing shall be established, except that the Commissioner of Transportation may authorize the establishment of a private crossing if it is deemed necessary for the economic welfare of the community but only after imposing specific requirements for the protection of persons using the crossing. The cost of the protection requirements shall be borne by the party requesting such private crossing or the town, city or borough in which such crossing is located may, in its discretion, assume all or part of such cost. The provisions of this section shall not apply to a private crossing used by a railroad company in connection with its operation or for access to its facilities.
(b) Each town, city or borough shall erect and maintain traffic control devices within the limits of the railroad right-of-way at each private crossing, or each town, city or borough shall require the person, association or corporation that owns or has the right to use such crossing to erect and maintain such traffic control devices at each private crossing. Such order shall specify the time within which such protective measures shall be installed. Upon failure of a person, association or corporation to comply with an order issued pursuant to this subsection, the required installation shall be made by the authority issuing such order and the expense of such installation shall be a lien on premises owned by such person, association or corporation. If under the provisions of subsection (d) of this section the Commissioner of Transportation orders the erection of traffic control devices at a private crossing and the town, city or borough within which such crossing is located fails to erect or have erected such devices within the period prescribed in such order, the Commissioner of Transportation shall order the railroad to erect such devices and the expense of such erection shall be a lien on premises owned by the person, association or corporation that owns or has the right to use such crossing. If the Commissioner of Transportation prescribes traffic control measures in addition to traffic control devices, the town, city or borough shall invoke the provisions of this subsection for the purpose of complying with such order, and the cost of such compliance shall be borne by the property owner.
(c) The town, city or borough within which any private way leads to a private crossing from a town, city or borough highway, and the Commissioner of Transportation, in the case of any private way which leads to a private crossing from a state highway, shall erect and maintain at the entrance to such private way a suitable sign warning of the railroad grade crossing.
(d) The Commissioner of Transportation shall give notice of the commissioner’s intent to (1) prescribe or order traffic control devices or traffic control measures under subsection (a) or (b) of this section; (2) afford any person an opportunity to present evidence on the impact; (3) render findings of fact; and (4) issue a decision before prescribing the nature of traffic control devices and traffic control measures to be erected at each private crossing and at approaches to such private crossings. The commissioner’s decision shall not constitute a final decision in a contested case and shall not be subject to appeal under section 4-183.
(e) The Commissioner of Transportation shall make all necessary orders for the closing of any private crossing if the commissioner finds that the necessity for such crossing has ceased or that such private crossing constitutes a hazard to public safety. The commissioner shall (1) give notice of intent to issue such orders; (2) afford any person an opportunity to present evidence on the impact of such orders; (3) render findings of fact; and (4) issue a decision before making all necessary orders for the permanent closing of any private crossing if the commissioner finds that the necessity for such crossing has ceased or that such private crossing constitutes a hazard to public safety. The commissioner’s decision shall not constitute a final decision in a contested case and shall not be subject to appeal under section 4-183. The commissioner may order the consolidation into one crossing of two or more private crossings located in close proximity to each other.
(f) The provisions of section 13b-281 shall apply to private crossings.
(g) Representatives of towns, cities, boroughs, railroads and state agencies may enter private ways, drives or other facilities to the extent required to perform their duties pursuant to this section.
(h) Any person who fails to comply with traffic control measures or traffic control devices installed pursuant to this section shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-292
State Laws, Regulations, and Penalties
- 13b-281. Obstruction of view adjoining grade crossing
If the view of that portion of the tracks of any railroad, crossing a highway at grade, which adjoins such crossing, is obstructed by trees, shrubbery or embankments of earth, the Commissioner of Transportation may, after a hearing upon such notice as the commissioner deems reasonable to the company or companies owning or operating such railroad or railroads and to the selectmen of the town, mayor of the city or warden of the borough wherein such crossing is situated and to the owners of the land adjoining such crossing, make such orders for or concerning the removal of any such obstruction as will afford an unobstructed view of such railroad tracks and such highway in accordance with current American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials’ Policy for vehicles to safely traverse a railroad crossing from a stopped position. All orders of the commissioner pursuant to the provisions of this section shall specifically set forth the limits within which land may be taken and the nature, purposes and specific limits of the easements so authorized to be taken. The expense occasioned by any order of said commissioner under the provisions of this section shall be paid by the owner of the land upon which the obstruction is located.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 13b-281